ADS

Comparative Religion - Atheism - Proof of Allah(swt)



by ► Dr. Zakir Naik

PROVING THE EXISTENCE OF ALLAH (SWT) TO AN ATHEIST



CONGRATULATING AN ATHEIST



Normally, when I meet an atheist, the first thing I like to do is to congratulate him and say, " My special congratulations to you", because most of the people who believe in God are doing blind belief - he is a Christian, because his father is a Christian; he is a Hindu, because his father is a Hindu; the majority of the people in the world are blindly following the religion of their fathers. An atheist, on the other hand, even though he may belong to a religious family, uses his intellect to deny the existence of God; what ever concept or qualities of God he may have learnt in his religion may not seem to be logical to him.



My Muslim brothers may question me, "Zakir, why are you congratulating an atheist?" The reason that I am congratulating an atheist is because he agrees with the first part of the Shahada i.e. the Islamic Creed, ‘La ilaaha’ - meaning ‘there is no God’.




So half my job is already done; now the only part left is ‘il lallah’ i.e. ‘BUT ALLAH’ which I shall do Insha Allah. With others (who are not atheists) I have to first remove from their minds the wrong concept of God they may have and then put the correct concept of one true God.
LOGICAL CONCEPT OF GOD





My first question to the atheist will be: "What is the definition of God?" For a person to say there is no God, he should know what is the meaning of God. If I hold a book and say that ‘this is a pen’, for the opposite person to say, ‘it is not a pen’, he should know what is the definition of a pen, even if he does not know nor is able to recognise or identify the object I am holding in my hand. For him to say this is not a pen, he should at least know what a pen means. Similarly for an atheist to say ‘there is no God’, he should at least know the concept of God. His concept of God would be derived from the surroundings in which he lives. The god that a large number of people worship has got human qualities - therefore he does not believe in such a god. Similarly a Muslim too does not and should not believe in such false gods.



If a non-Muslim believes that Islam is a merciless religion with something to do with terrorism; a religion which does not give rights to women; a religion which contradicts science; in his limited sense that non-Muslim is correct to reject such Islam. The problem is he has a wrong picture of Islam. Even I reject such a false picture of Islam, but at the same time, it becomes my duty as a Muslim to present the correct picture of Islam to that non-Muslim i.e. Islam is a merciful religion, it gives equal rights to the women, it is not incompatible with logic, reason and science; if I present the correct facts about Islam, that non-Muslim may Inshallah accept Islam.



Similarly the atheist rejects the false gods and the duty of every Muslim is to present the correct concept of God which he shall Insha Allah not refuse.



(You may refer to my article, ‘Concept of God in Islam’, for more details)





QUR’AN AND MODERN SCIENCE



The methods of proving the existence of God with usage of the material provided in the ‘Concept of God in Islam’ to an atheist may satisfy some but not all.



Many atheists demand a scientific proof for the existence of God. I agree that today is the age of science and technology. Let us use scientific knowledge to kill two birds with one stone, i.e. to prove the existence of God and simultaneously prove that the Qur’an is a revelation of God.



If a new object or a machine, which no one in the world has ever seen or heard of before, is shown to an atheist or any person and then a question is asked, " Who is the first person who will be able to provide details of the mechanism of this unknown object? After little bit of thinking, he will reply, ‘the creator of that object.’ Some may say ‘the producer’ while others may say ‘the manufacturer.’ What ever answer the person gives, keep it in your mind, the answer will always be either the creator, the producer, the manufacturer or some what of the same meaning, i.e. the person who has made it or created it. Don’t grapple with words, whatever answer he gives, the meaning will be same, therefore accept it.



SCIENTIFIC FACTS MENTIONED IN THE QUR’AN: for details on this subject please refer to my book, ‘THE QUR’AN AND MODERN SCIENCE – COMPATIBLE OR INCOMPATIBLE?





THEORY OF PROBABILITY




In mathematics there is a theory known as ‘Theory of Probability’. If you have two options, out of which one is right, and one is wrong, the chances that you will chose the right one is half, i.e. one out of the two will be correct. You have 50% chances of being correct. Similarly if you toss a coin the chances that your guess will be correct is 50% (1 out of 2) i.e. 1/2. If you toss a coin the second time, the chances that you will be correct in the second toss is again 50% i.e. half. But the chances that you will be correct in both the tosses is half multiplied by half (1/2 x 1/2) which is equal to 1/4 i.e. 50% of 50% which is equal to 25%. If you toss a coin the third time, chances that you will be correct all three times is (1/2 x 1/2 x 1/2) that is 1/8 or 50% of 50% of 50% that is 12½%.



A dice has got six sides. If you throw a dice and guess any number between 1 to 6, the chances that your guess will be correct is 1/6. If you throw the dice the second time, the chances that your guess will be correct in both the throws is (1/6 x 1/6) which is equal to 1/36. If you throw the dice the third time, the chances that all your three guesses are correct is (1/6 x 1/6 x 1/6) is equal to 1/216 that is less than 0.5 %.



Let us apply this theory of probability to the Qur’an, and assume that a person has guessed all the information that is mentioned in the Qur’an which was unknown at that time. Let us discuss the probability of all the guesses being simultaneously correct.



At the time when the Qur’an was revealed, people thought the world was flat, there are several other options for the shape of the earth. It could be triangular, it could be quadrangular, pentagonal, hexagonal, heptagonal, octagonal, spherical, etc. Lets assume there are about 30 different options for the shape of the earth. The Qur’an rightly says it is spherical, if it was a guess the chances of the guess being correct is 1/30.



The light of the moon can be its own light or a reflected light. The Qur’an rightly says it is a reflected light. If it is a guess, the chances that it will be correct is 1/2 and the probability that both the guesses i.e the earth is spherical and the light of the moon is reflected light is 1/30 x 1/2 = 1/60.



Further, the Qur’an also mentions every living thing is made of water. Every living thing can be made up of either wood, stone, copper, aluminum, steel, silver, gold, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, oil, water, cement, concrete, etc. The options are say about 10,000. The Qur’an rightly says that everything is made up of water. If it is a guess, the chances that it will be correct is 1/10,000 and the probability of all the three guesses i.e. the earth is spherical, light of moon is reflected light and everything is created from water being correct is 1/30 x 1/2 x 1/10,000 = 1/60,000 which is equal to about .0017%.



The Qur’an speaks about hundreds of things that were not known to men at the time of its revelation. Only in three options the result is .0017%. I leave it upto you, to work out the probability if all the hundreds of the unknown facts were guesses, the chances of all of them being correct guesses simultaneously and there being not a single wrong guess. It is beyond human capacity to make all correct guesses without a single mistake, which itself is sufficient to prove to a logical person that the origin of the Qur’an is Divine.





CREATOR IS THE AUTHOR OF THE QUR’AN



The only logical answer to the question as to who could have mentioned all these scientific facts 1400 years ago before they were discovered, is exactly the same answer initially given by the atheist or any person, to the question who will be the first person who will be able to tell the mechanism of the unknown object. It is the ‘CREATOR’, the producer, the Manufacturer of the whole universe and its contents. In the English language He is ‘God’, or more appropriate in the Arabic language, ‘ALLAH’.



QUR’AN IS A BOOK OF SIGNS AND NOT SCIENCE



Let me remind you that the Qur’an is not a book of Science, ‘S-C-I-E-N-C-E’ but a book of Signs ‘S-I-G-N-S’ i.e. a book of ayaats. The Qur’an contains more than 6,000 ayaats, i.e. ‘signs’, out of which more than a thousand speak about Science. I am not trying to prove that the Qur’an is the word of God using scientific knowledge as a yard stick because any yardstick is supposed to be more superior than what is being checked or verified. For us Muslims the Qur’an is the Furqan i.e. criteria to judge right from wrong and the ultimate yardstick which is more superior to scientific knowledge.



But for an educated man who is an atheist, scientific knowledge is the ultimate test which he believes in. We do know that science many a times takes ‘U’ turns, therefore I have restricted the examples only to scientific facts which have sufficient proof and evidence and not scientific theories based on assumptions. Using the ultimate yardstick of the atheist, I am trying to prove to him that the Qur’an is the word of God and it contains the scientific knowledge which is his yardstick which was discovered recently, while the Qur’an was revealed 1400 year ago. At the end of the discussion, we both come to the same conclusion that God though superior to science, is not incompatible with it.





SCIENCE IS ELIMINATING MODELS OF GOD BUT NOT GOD



Francis Bacon, the famous philosopher, has rightly said that a little knowledge of science makes man an atheist, but an in-depth study of science makes him a believer in God. Scientists today are eliminating models of God, but they are not eliminating God. If you translate this into Arabic, it is La illaha illal la, There is no god, (god with a small ‘g’ that is fake god) but God (with a capital ‘G’).



Surah Fussilat:



"Soon We will show them our signs in the (farthest) regions (of the earth), and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth. Is it not enough that thy Lord doth witness all things?"



[Al-Quran 41:53]


Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Zoroastrianism - Mohammad (PBUH)



It is mentioned in Zend Avesta Farvardin Yasht chapter 28 verse 129

(Sacred Books of the East, volume 23, Zend Avesta Part II pg. 220):

"Whose name will be the Victorious, Soeshyant and whose name will be Astvat-ereta. He will be Soeshyant (The Beneficent one) because he will benefit the whole bodily world. He will be Astvat-ereta (he who makes the people, bodily creatures rise up) because as a bodily creature and as a living being he will stand against the destruction of the bodily (being) creatures to withstand the drug of the two footed brood, to withstand the evil done by the faithful (idolaters and the like and the errors of the Mazdaynians)".

This Prophecy applies to no other person more perfectly than it does to Muhammad (pbuh):



The Prophet was not only victorious at Fatah Makkah but was also merciful when he let go the blood thirsty opponents by saying:



"There shall be no reproof against you this day".

Soeshyant means the ‘praised one’ (refer Haisting’s Encyclopedia), which translated in Arabic means Muhammad (pbuh).





Astvat-ereta is derived from the root word Astu which in Sanskrit as well as in Zend means ‘to praise’. The infinitive Sitaudan in present day Persian means praising. It can also be derived from the Persian root word istadan which would mean ‘one who makes a thing rise up’. Therefore Astvat-ereta means the one who praised, which is the exact translation of the Arabic word 'Ahmed' which is another name for Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The Prophecy clearly mentions both the names of the Prophet i.e. Muhammad (pbuh) and Ahmed (pbuh).



The Prophecy further says that he will benefit the whole bodily world and the Qur’an testifies this in Surah Al-Anbiya chapter 21 verse 107:



"We sent thee not, but as a mercy for all creatures."

              [Al-Qur'an 21:107]



Sanctity of Prophet’s Companions:

In Zend Avesta Zamyad Yasht chapter 16 verse 95 (Sacred Books of the East, volume 23 Zend Avesta Part II pg. 308):



"And there shall his friends come forward, the friends of Astvat-ereta, who are fiend-smitting, well thinking, well-speaking, well-doing, following the good law and whose tongues have never uttered a word of falsehood."



Here too Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name as Astvat-ereta.



There is also a mention of the Prophet’s friends as companions who will be fighting the evil; pious, holy men having good moral values and always speaking the truth. This is a clear reference to the Sahabas – the prophet's companions.



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in Dasatir:

The sum and substance of the prophecy mentioned in Dasatir is, that when the Zoroastrian people will forsake their religion and will become dissolute, a man will rise in Arabia, whose followers will conquer Persian and subjugate the arrogant Persians. Instead of worshipping fire in their own temples, they will turn their faces in prayer towards Kaaba of Abraham (pbuh) which will be cleared of all idols. They (the followers of the Arabian Prophet), will be a mercy unto the world. They will become masters of Persia, Madain, Tus, Balkh, the sacred places of the Zoroastrians and the neighbouring territories. Their Prophet will be an eloquent man telling miraculous things.



This Prophecy relates to no other person but to Muhammad (pbuh).



Muhammad (pbuh) will be the Last Prophet:

It is mentioned in Bundahish chapter 30 verses 6 to 27 that Soeshyant will be the last Prophet implying that Muhammad (pbuh) will be the last Prophet. The Qur’an testifies this in Surah Ahzab.



"Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things."

                    [Al-Qur'an 33:40]





Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Zoroastrianism - CONCEPT OF GOD



DA'WAH TO ZOROASTRIANS (PARSIS)

CONCEPT OF GOD IN ZOROASTRIANISM



God in Zoroastrianism is known as ‘Ahura Mazda’. ‘Ahura’ means ‘the Lord’ or 'The Master' and ‘Mazda’ means ‘the Wise’; hence ‘Ahura Mazda’ means ‘the Wise Lord’ or ‘the Wise God’. Ahura Mazda stands for God, in a strictly monotheistic sense.



Qualities of God according to the Dasatir:



According to the Dasatir, Ahura Mazda has the following qualities:




  • He is One.

  • He is without an origin or end.

  • He has no father or mother, wife or son.

  • He is without a body or form.

  • Nothing resembles Him.

  • Neither the eye can behold Him, nor the power of thinking can conceive him.

  • He is above all that you can imagine.

  • He is nearer to you than your own self.



Qualities of God according to Avesta

According to the Avesta, the Gathas and the Yasna give various characteristics to Ahura Mazda such as:









Creator





Yasna 31:7 & 11

Yasna 44:7

Yasna 50:11

Yasna 51:7
Most Mighty



the Greatest

Yasna 33:11

Yasna 45:6
Beneficent



Hudai.

Yasna 33:11

Yasna 48:3
BountifulSpenta;

Yasna 43:4,5,7,9,11,13,15

Yasna 44:2

Yasna 45:5

Yasna 46:9

Yasna 48:3
Thus, in Zoroastrianism too, we find a concept of an eternal, omnipotent God. Several verses of Yasna praise the Lord as a Bountiful Creator.



Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Zoroastrianism - INTRODUCTION



Zoroastrianism is an ancient Aryan religion that originated in Persia more than 2500 years ago. Though it has relatively few adherents, less than one hundred and thirty thousand in the whole world, it is one of the oldest religions. Zoroaster was the founder of Zoroastrianism, also commonly known as Parsi-ism. It is also known as the religion of fire worshippers and Magianism.



Parsi Scriptures consist of Dasatir and Vesta or Zend-Avesta. Dasatir is further divided into two parts: Khurda Dasatir and Kalan Dasatir.



Avesta is further divided into Khurda Avesta and Kalan Avesta also known as Zend or Maha-Zend.



The religious scriptures of the Parsis are found in two languages: Pahlawi (Pahlawi script resembles the present Persian script) and Zendi. Besides these two scripts, some religious literature is found in cuneiform writing.





Some Parsis consider the Zend Avesta to be more authentic than the Dasatir while the others consider Dasatir to be more authentic.




Zend Avesta is divided into three parts:




The first part contains Vendid.



The second part contains Sirozahs, Yashts and Nyays.



The third part contains Gathas, Yasha, Visparad, Afrinagan Gahs and miscellaneous.



DASATIR:



Dasatir means a book of ten parts: ‘Das’ meaning 'ten' and ‘tir’ meaning ‘a part’. Dasatir is also the plural of Dastur, which means law or religious code.



Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Sikhism - CONCEPT OF GOD IN SIKHISM



MULMANTRA: THE FUNDAMENTAL CREED OF SIKHISM



The best definition that any Sikh can give regarding the concept of God in Sikhism is to quote the Mulmantra – the fundamental creed of Sikhism, which occurs at the beginning of Sri Guru Granth Sahib.



It is mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, volume 1 Japuji, the first verse:



"There exists but one God, who is called The True, The Creator, Free from fear and hate, Immortal, Not begotten, Self-Existent, Great and Compassionate."



Sikhism is a monotheistic Religion



Sikhism enjoins its followers to practise strict monotheism. It believes in only One Supreme God who is, in the unmanifest form, called Ek Omkara.





In the manifest form He is called Omkara and has several attributes such as:
 

Kartar – The Creator

Akal – The Eternal

Sattanama – The Holy Name

Sahib – The Lord

Parvardigar – The Cherisher

Rahim – The Merciful

Karim – The Benevolent



He is also called Wahe Guru – the One true God.



Besides Sikhism being strictly monotheistic, it also does not believe in Avataravada – the doctrine of incarnation. Almighty God does not incarnate Himself in what is known as Avatara. Sikhism is also strongly against idol worship.



Guru Nanak was influenced by Sant Kabir



Guru Nanak was influenced by the sayings of Sant Kabir so much that several chapters of Sri Guru Granth Sahib contain couplets of Sant Kabir.



One of the famous couplets of Sant Kabir is:



"Dukh mein sumirana sabh karein

Sukh mein karein na koya

Jo sukh mein sumirana karein

To dukh kaye hoye?"



"In times of trouble, God is remembered by all

But none remembers Him during peace and happiness.

If God is remembered in good times of happiness

Why should trouble occur?"



Compare this with the following verse of the Qur’an:



"When some trouble toucheth man,

He crieth unto his Lord,

Turning to Him in repentance:

But when He bestoweth

A favour upon him

As from Himself,

(Man) doth forget what he cried

And prayed for before,

And he doth set up

Rivals unto Allah."

[Al-Qur’an 39:8]



The Sikh scriptures therefore emphasise monotheism and God-consciousness.



Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Sikhism - INTRODUCTION



Sikhism is a non-Semitic, Aryan, non-Vedic religion. It is a religion that has the sixth largest following in the world. Some consider it as an offshoot of Hinduism. It was founded by Guru Nanak at the end of the 15th century. It originated in the area of Pakistan and North West India called Punjab, meaning the land of the five rivers. Guru Nanak was born in a Kshatriya (warrior caste) Hindu family but was very strongly influenced by Islam and Muslims.
DEFINITION OF SIKH AND SIKHISM



 The word ‘Sikh’ is derived from the word sisya meaning disciple or follower. Sikhism is a religion of ten Gurus, the first Guru being Guru Nanak and the tenth and the last being Guru Gobind Singh. The sacred book of Sikhism is Sri Guru Granth also called Adi Granth Sahib.



THE FIVE – ‘K’s





Every Sikh is supposed to keep the following five ‘K’s, which also serve to identify him as a Sikh:


Kesh – uncut hair.



Kanga – comb; used to keep the hair clean.



Kada – metal or steel bangle; for strength and self-restraint.



Kirpan – dagger; for self-defence.



Kaccha – special knee length underwear or under-drawer for agility.

Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Buddhism - MUHAMMAD (PBUH) IN BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES:


1. Buddha prophesised the advent of a Maitreya:

 

A) Almost all Buddhist books contain this prophecy. It is in Chakkavatti Sinhnad Suttanta D. III, 76:




"There will arise in the world a Buddha named Maitreya (the benevolent one) a holy one, a supreme one, an enlightened one, endowed with wisdom in conduct, auspicious, knowing the universe:



"What he has realized by his own supernatural knowledge he will publish to this universe. He will preach his religion, glorious in its origin, glorious at its climax, glorious at the goal, in the spirit and the letter. He will proclaim a religious life, wholly perfect and thoroughly pure; even as I now preach my religion and a like life do proclaim. He will keep up the society of monks numbering many thousands, even as now I keep up a society of monks numbering many hundreds".



B) According to Sacred Books of the East volume 35 pg. 225:

 

"It is said that I am not an only Buddha upon whom the leadership and order is dependent. After me another Buddha maitreya of such and such virtues will come. I am now the leader of hundreds, he will be the leader of thousands."





C) According to the Gospel of Buddha by Carus pg. 217 and 218 (From Ceylon sources):



"Ananda said to the Blessed One, ‘Who shall teach us when thou art gone?'









And the Blessed one replied, 'I am not the first Buddha who came upon the earth nor shall I be the last. In due time another Buddha will arise in the world, a holy one, a supremely enlightened one, endowed with wisdom in conduct, auspicious, knowing the universe, an incomparable leader of men, a master of angels and mortals. He will reveal to you the same eternal truths, which I have taught you. He will preach his religion, glorious in its origin, glorious at the climax and glorious at the goal. He will proclaim a religious life, wholly perfect and pure such as I now proclaim. His disciples will number many thousands while mine number many hundreds.'

Ananda said, 'How shall we know him?'



The Blessed one replied, 'He will be known as Maitreya'."


(i) The Sanskrit word ‘Maitreya’ or its equivalent in Pali ‘Metteyya’ means loving, compassionate, merciful and benevolent. It also means kindness and friendliness, sympathy, etc. One Arabic word which is equivalent to all these words is ‘Rahmat’. In Surah Al-Anbiya:



"We sent thee not, but as a mercy for all creatures."

[Al-Qur’an 21:107]



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was called the merciful, which is ‘Maitri’.



(ii) The words Mercy and Merciful are mentioned in the Holy Qur’an no less than 409 times.

 

(iii) Every chapter of the Glorious Qur’an, except Chapter 9, i.e. Surah Taubah begins with the beautiful formula, 'Bismillah Hir-Rahman Nir-Rahim', which means 'In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful'.

 

(iv) The Word Muhammad is also spelt as ‘Mahamet’ or ‘Mahomet’ and in various other ways in different languages. The word ‘Maho’ or ‘Maha’ in Pali and Sanskrit mean Great and Illustrious and ‘Metta’ means mercy. Therefore ‘Mahomet’ means ‘Great Mercy’.

2. Buddha’s doctrine was Esoteric and Exoteric:

 

According to Sacred Books of the East, volume 11, pg. 36 Maha-Parinibbana Sutta chapter 2 verse 32:




"I have preached the truth without making any distinction between exoteric and esoteric doctrine, for in respect of truths, Ananda, the Tathagata has no such thing as the closed fist of a teacher, who keeps something back".



Muhammad (pbuh) on the commandment of Almighty God delivered the message and doctrine without making any distinction between esoteric and exoteric. The Qur'an was recited in public in the days of the Prophet and is being done so till date. The Prophet had strictly forbidden the Muslims from hiding the doctrine



3. Devoted Servitors of the Buddhas:

 

According to Sacred Books of the East volume 11 pg. 97 Maha-Parinibbana Sutta Chapter 5 verse 36:



"Then the Blessed one addressed the brethren, and said, ‘Whosoever, brethren have been Arahat-Buddhas through the long ages of the past, they were servitors just as devoted to those Blessed ones as Ananda has been to me. And whosoever brethren shall be the Arahat-Buddhas of the future, there shall be servitors as devoted to those Blessed ones as Ananda has been to me’."



The Servitor of Buddha was Ananda. Muhammad (pbuh) also had a servitor by the name Anas (r.a.) who was the son of Malik. Anas (r.a...) was presented to the Prophet by his parents. Anas (r.a...) relates: "My mother said to him, 'Oh Messenger of God, here is your little servant'." Further Anas relates, "I served him from the time I was 8 years old and the Prophet called me his son and his little beloved". Anas (r.a...) stayed by the Prophet in peace and in war, in safety as well as in danger till the end of his life.



i)  Anas (r.a.), even though he was only 11 years old stayed beside the Prophet during the battle of Uhud where the Prophet’s life was in great danger.

 

ii) Even during the battle of Honain when the Prophet was surrounded by the enemies who were archers, Anas (r.a...) who was only 16 years old stood by the Prophet.



Anas (R) can surely be compared with Ananda who stood by Gautam Buddha when the mad elephant approached him.



4. Six Criteria for Identifying Buddha:

 

According to the Gospel of Buddha by Carus pg. 214:


"The Blessed one said, ‘There are two occasions on which a Tathagata’s appearance becomes clear and exceedingly bright. In the night Ananda, in which a Tathagata attains to the supreme and perfect insight, and in the night in which he passes finally away in that ultra passing which leaves nothing whatever of his earthly existence to remain.’ "

According to Gautam Buddha, following are the six criteria for identifying a Buddha.

 

i) A Buddha attains supreme and perfect insight at night-time.

 

ii) On the occasion of his complete enlightenment he looks exceedingly bright

 

iii) A Buddha dies a natural death.

 

iv) He dies at night-time.

 

v)  He looks exceedingly bright before his death.

 

vi) After his death a Buddha ceases to exist on earth.



i)  Muhammad (pbuh) attained supreme insight and Prophethood at night-time.



According to Surah Dukhan:



"By the books that makes thing clear – We sent it down during a blessed night."


[Al-Qur'an 44:2-3]



According to Surah Al-Qadar:



"We have indeed revealed this (message) in the night of power."

[Al-Qur'an 97:1]



ii) Muhammad (pbuh) instantly felt his understanding illumined with celestial light.

 

iii) Muhammad (pbuh) died a natural death.


iv) According to Ayesha (r.a.), Muhammad (pbuh) expired at night-time. When he was dying there was no oil in the lamp and his wife Ayesha (r.a.) had to borrow oil for the lamp.

 

v) According to Anas (r.a.), Muhammad (pbuh) looked exceedingly bright in the night of his death.

 

vi) After the burial of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) he was never seen again in his bodily form on this earth.



5. Buddhas are only Preachers:



According to Dhammapada, Sacred Books of East volume 10 pg., 67:



"The Jathagatas (Buddhas) are only Preachers."



The Qur’an says in Surah Ghashiya:



"Therefore do thou give admonition, for thou art one to admonish. Thou art not one to manage (men's) affairs." [Al-Qur'an 88:21-22]



6. Identification of Maitreya by Buddha:

 

According to Dhammapada, Mattaya Sutta, 151:



"The promised one will be:



i) Compassionate for the whole creation



ii) A messenger of peace, a peace-maker



iii) The most successful in the world.



The Maitreya as a Preacher of morals will be:



i) Truthful



ii) Self-respecting



iii) Gentle and noble



iv) Not proud



v) As a king to creatures



vi) An example to others in deeds and in words".



Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Buddhism - CONCEPT OF GOD

Buddha was silent about the existence or non-existence of God. It may be that since India was drowned in idol worship and anthropomorphism that a sudden step to monotheism would have been drastic and hence Buddha may have chosen to remain silent on the issue of God. He did not deny the existence of God. Buddha was once asked by a disciple whether God exists? He refused to reply. When pressed, he said that if you are suffering from a stomach ache would you concentrate on relieving the pain or studying the prescription of the physician. "It is not my business or yours to find out whether there is God – our business is to remove the sufferings of the world".

Buddhism provided Dhamma or the ‘impersonal law’ in place of God. However this could not satisfy the craving of human beings and the religion of self-help had to be converted into a religion of promise and hope. The Hinayana sect could not hold out any promise of external help to the people. The Mahayana sect taught that Buddha’s watchful and compassionate eyes are on all miserable beings, thus making a God out of Buddha. Many scholars consider the evolution of God within Buddhism as an effect of Hinduism.





Many Buddhists adopted the local god and thus the religion of ‘No-God’ was transformed into the religion of ‘Many-Gods’ – big and small, strong and weak and male and female. The ‘Man-God’ appears on earth in human form and incarnates from time to time. Buddha was against the caste-system prevalent in the Hindu society.

Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Buddhism - INTRODUCTION

 BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES:



Historical criticism has proved that the original teachings of Buddha can never be known. It seems that Gautama Buddha’s teachings were memorized by his disciples. After Buddha’s death a council was held at Rajagaha so that the words of Buddha could be recited and agreed upon. There were differences of opinion and conflicting memories in the council. Opinion of Kayshapa and Ananda who were prominent disciples of Buddha were given preference. A hundred years later, a second council at Vesali was held. Only after 400 years, after the death of Buddha were his teachings and doctrines written down. Little attention was paid regarding its authenticity, genuineness and purity.



Buddhist Scriptures can be divided into Pali and Sanskrit Literature:





A. Pali Literature:

 

The Pali literature was monopolized by the Hinayana sect of Buddhism.

Tri Pitaka



The most important of all Buddhist scriptures is the TRI-PITAKA which is in Pali text. It is supposed to be the earliest recorded Buddhist literature which was written in the 1st Century B.C.


The TRI-PITAKA or Three Baskets of law is composed of 3 books:



1. Vinaya Pitaka: ‘Rules of Conduct’

 

his is a boTok of discipline and mainly deals with rules of the order.

 

2. Sutta Pitaka: ‘Discourses’

   

It is a collection of sermons and discourses of Gautama Buddha and the incidents in his life. It is the most important Pitaka and consists of five divisions known as Nikayas. Dhammapada is the most famous Pali literature and contains aphorisms and short statements covering the truth.

 3. Abhidhamma: ‘Analysis of Doctrine’

 

This third basket contains meta physical doctrines and is known as Buddhist meta physicals. It is an analytical and logical elaboration of the first two pitakas. It contains analysis and exposition of Buddhist doctrine.



B. Sanskrit Literature:

 

Sanskrit literature was preferred by the Mahayana. Sanskrit literature has not been reduced to a collection or in Cannon like the Pali literature. Thus much of the original Sanskrit literature has been lost. Some were translated into other languages like Chinese and are now being re-translated into Sanskrit.

 

1. Maha vastu: ‘Sublime Story’

 

Mahavastu is the most famous work in Sanskrit which has been restored from its Chinese translation. It consists of voluminous collection of legendary stories.

 

2.Lalitavistara

 

Lalitavistara is one of the holiest of the Sanskrit literature. It belongs to the first century C.E., 500 years after the death of Buddha. It contains the miracles which the superstition loving people have attributed to Buddha.



II. TEACHINGS OF BUDDHA:



A. Noble Truths:

 

The principal teachings of Gautama Buddha can be summarised in what the Buddhists call the ‘Four Noble Truths’:



First – There is suffering and misery in life .



Second – The cause of this suffering and misery is desire.



Third – Suffering and misery can be removed by removing desire.



Fourth – Desire can be removed by following the Eight Fold Path.



B. The Noble Eight Fold Path:

 

(i) Right Views



(ii) Right Thoughts



(iii) Right Speech



(iv) Right Actions



(v) Right Livelihood



(vi) Right Efforts



(vii) Right Mindfulness



(viii) Right Meditation





C. Nirvana:

 

Nirvana' literally means "blowing out" or "extinction". According to Buddhism, this is the ultimate goal of life and can be described in various words. It is a cessation of all sorrows, which can be achieved by removing desire by following the Eight Fold Path.

III. PHILOSOPHY OF BUDDHISM IS SELF – CONTRADICTORY:



As mentioned earlier, the main teachings of Buddhism are summarised in the Four Noble Truths:

(i) There is suffering and misery in life.



(ii) The cause of suffering and misery is desire.



(iii) Suffering and misery can be removed by removing desire.



(iv) Desire can be removed by following the Eight Fold Path.



This Philosophy of Buddhism is self-contradictory or self-defeating because the third truth says ‘suffering and misery can be removed by removing desire’ and the fourth truth says that 'desire can be removed by following the Eight Fold Path'.



Now, for any person to follow Buddhism he should first have the desire to follow the Four Noble Truths and the Eight Fold Path. The Third great Noble Truth says that desire should be removed. Once you remove desire, how can we follow the Fourth Noble truth i.e. follow the Eight Fold Path unless we have a desire to follow the Eight Fold Path. In short desire can only be removed by having a desire to follow the Eight Fold Path. If you do not follow the Eight Fold Path, desire cannot be removed. It is self contradicting as well as self-defeating to say that desire will only be removed by continuously having a desire.




Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Hinduism - Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in Hindu scriptures



by ► Dr. Zakir Naik
I. Muhammad (pbuh) prophesised in Bhavishya Purana



According to Bhavishya Purana in the Prati Sarag Parv III Khand 3 Adhay 3 Shloka 5 to 8.

"A malecha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking a foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mohammad. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this Maha Dev Arab (of angelic disposition) a bath in the Panchgavya and the Ganga water (i.e. purifying him of all sins) offered him the present of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence said, "I make obeisance to thee. O ye! The pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, Ye have collected a great force to kill the Devil and you yourself have been protected from the malecha opponents."



The Prophecy clearly states:



The name of the Prophet as Mohammad.

He will belong to Arabia. The Sanskrit word Marusthal means a sandy track of land or a desert.

Special mention is made of the companions of the Prophet, i.e. the Sahabas. No other Prophet had as many companions as Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).



He is referred as the pride of mankind (Parbatis nath). The Glorious Qur’an reconfirms this

"And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of character"

                            [Al-Qur'an 68:4]|

"Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah, a beautiful pattern (of conduct)".

                           [Al-Qur'an 33:21]



He will kill the devil, i.e. abolish idol worship and all sorts of vices.

The Prophet will be given protection against his enemy.



Some people may argue that ‘Raja’ Bhoj mentioned in the prophecy lived in the 11th century C.E. 500 years after the advent of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and was the descendant in the 10th generation of Raja Shalivahan. These people fail to realise that there was not only one Raja of the name Bhoj. The Egyptian Monarchs were called as Pharaoh and the Roman Kings were known as Caesar, similarly the Indian Rajas were given the title of Bhoj. There were several Raja Bhoj who came before the one in 11th Century C.E.



The Prophet did not physically take a bath in the Panchgavya and the water of Ganges. Since the water of Ganges is considered holy, taking bath in the Ganges is an idiom, which means washing away sins or immunity from all sorts of sins. Here the prophecy implies that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was sinless, i.e. Maasoom.



According to Bhavishya Purana in the Pratisarag Parv III Khand 3 Adhay 3 Shloka 10 to 27 Maharishi Vyas has prophesised:



"The Malecha have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs. Arya Dharma is not to be found in the country. Before also there appeared a misguided fiend whom I had killed; he has now again appeared being sent by a powerful enemy. To show these enemies the right path and to give them guidance, the well-known Muhammad (pbuh), is busy in bringing the Pishachas to the right path. O Raja, You need not go to the land of the foolish Pishachas, you will be purified through my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise of Pishacha said to Raja Bhoj, "O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over all religions, but according to the commandments of Ishwar Parmatma, I shall enforce the strong creed of the meat eaters. My followers will be men circumcised, without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution announcing the Aadhaan (the Muslim call for prayer) and will be eating all lawful things. He will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified through warfare. On account of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will be known as Musalmaans. I shall be the originator of this religion of the meat-eating nations."



The Prophecy states that:



The evil doers have corrupted the Arab land.

Arya Dharma is not found in that land.

The Indian Raja need not go the Arab land since his purification will take place in India after the musalmaan will arrive in India.

The coming Prophet will attest the truth of the Aryan faith, i.e. Monotheism and will reform the misguided people.

The Prophet’s followers will be circumcised. They will be without a tail on the head and bear a beard and will create a great revolution.

They will announce the Aadhaan, i.e. ‘the Muslim call for prayer’.

He will only eat lawful things and animals but will not eat pork. The Qur’an confirms this in no less than 4 different places:



In Surah Al-Baqarah chapter 2 verse 173

In Surah Al-Maidah chapter 5 verse 3

In Surah Al-Anam chapter 6 verse 145

In Surah Al-Nahl chapter 16 verse 115



"Forbidden to you for food are dead meat, blood, flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah".

They will not purify with grass like the Hindus but by means of sword they will fight their irreligious people.

They will be called musalmaan.

They will be a meat-eating nation.



The eating of herbivorous animals is confirmed by the Qur’an in Surah Maidah, chapter 5 verse 1 and in Surah Muminun chapter 23 verse 21



According to Bhavishya Purana, Parv - III Khand 1 Adhay 3 Shloka 21-23:



"Corruption and persecution are found in seven sacred cities of Kashi, etc. India is inhabited by Rakshas, Shabor, Bhil and other foolish people. In the land of Malechhas, the followers of the Malechha dharma (Islam) are wise and brave people. All good qualities are found in Musalmaans and all sorts of vices have accumulated in the land of the Aryas. Islam will rule in India and its islands. Having known these facts, O Muni, glorify the name of thy lord".



The Qur’an confirms this in Surah Taubah chapter 9 verse 33 and in Surah Al Saff chapter 61 verse 9:



"It is He who hath sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion, even though the Pagans may detest (it)".



A similar message is given in Surah Fatah chapter 48 verses 28 ending with, "and enough is Allah as a witness".





II. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Prophesised in Atharvaveda



 In the 20th book of Atharvaveda Hymn 127 Some Suktas (chapters) are known as Kuntap Sukta. Kuntap means the consumer of misery and troubles. Thus meaning the message of peace and safety and if translated in Arabic means Islam.



Kuntap also means hidden glands in the abdomen. These mantras are called so probably because their true meaning was hidden and was to be revealed in future. Its hidden meaning is also connected with the navel or the middle point of this earth. Makkah is called the Ummul Qur’a the mother of the towns or the naval of the earth. In many revealed books it was the first house of Divine worship where God Almighty gave spiritual nourishment to the world. The Qur’an says in Surah Ali-Imran chapter 3, verse 96:



"The first house (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakkah (Makkah) full of blessings and of guidance and for all kinds of beings". Thus Kuntap stands for Makkah or Bakkah.



Several people have translated these Kuntap Suktas like M. Bloomfield, Prof. Ralph Griffith, Pandit Rajaram, Pandit Khem Karan, etc.



The main points mentioned in the Kuntap Suktas i.e. in Atharvaveda book 20 Hymn 127 verses 1-13 are:



Mantra 1

He is Narashansah or the praised one (Muhammad). He is Kaurama: the prince of peace or the emigrant, who is safe, even amongst a host of 60,090 enemies.



Mantra 2

He is a camel-riding Rishi, whose chariot touches the heaven.



Mantra 3

He is Mamah Rishi who is given a hundred gold coins, ten chaplets (necklaces), three hundred good steeds and ten thousand cows.



Mantra 4

Vachyesv rebh. ‘Oh! ye who glorifies’.



The Sanskrit word Narashansah means ‘the praised one’, which is the literal translation of the Arabic word Muhammad (pbuh).



The Sanskrit word Kaurama means ‘one who spreads and promotes peace’. The holy Prophet was the ‘Prince of Peace’ and he preached equality of human kind and universal brotherhood. Kaurama also means an emigrant. The Prophet migrated from Makkah to Madinah and was thus also an Emigrant.



He will be protected from 60,090 enemies, which was the population of Makkah. The Prophet would ride a camel. This clearly indicates that it cannot be an Indian Rishi, since it is forbidden for a Brahman to ride a camel according to the Sacred Books of the East, volume 25, Laws of Manu pg. 472. According to Manu Smirti chapter 11 verse 202, "A Brahman is prohibited from riding a camel or an ass and to bathe naked. He should purify himself by suppressing his breath".



This mantra gave the Rishi's name as Mamah. No rishi in India or another Prophet had this name Mamah which is derived from Mah which means to esteem highly, or to revere, to exalt, etc. Some Sanskrit books give the Prophet’s name as ‘Mohammad’, but this word according to Sanskrit grammar can also be used in the bad sense. It is incorrect to apply grammar to an Arabic word. Actually shas the same meaning and somewhat similar pronunciation as the word Muhammad (pbuh).



He is given 100 gold coins, which refers to the believers and the earlier companions of the Prophet during his turbulent Makkan life. Later on due to persecution they migrated from Makkah to Abysinia. Later when Prophet migrated to Madinah all of them joined him in Madinah.



The 10 chaplets or necklaces were the 10 best companions of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) known as Ashra-Mubbashshira (10 bestowed with good news). These were foretold in this world of their salvation in the hereafter i.e. they were given the good news of entering paradise by the Prophet’s own lips and after naming each one he said "in Paradise". They were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talha, Zubair, Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf, Saad bin Abi Waqqas, Saad bin Zaid and Abu Ubaidah (May Allah be well-pleased with all of them).



The Sanskrit word Go is derived from Gaw which means ‘to go to war’. A cow is also called Go and is a symbol of war as well as peace. The 10,000 cows refer to the 10,000 companions who accompanied the Prophet (pbuh) when he entered Makkah during Fateh Makkah which was a unique victory in the history of mankind in which there was no blood shed. The 10,000 companions were pious and compassionate like cows and were at the same time strong and fierce and are described in the Holy Quran in Surah Fatah:

"Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other."

                                           [Al-Qur'an 48:29]



This mantra calls the Prophet as Rebh which means one who praises, which when translated into Arabic is Ahmed, which is another name for the Holy Prophet (pbuh).





Battle of the Allies described in the Vedas.



It is mentioned in Atharvaveda Book XX Hymn 21 verse 6, "Lord of the truthful! These liberators drink these feats of bravery and the inspiring songs gladdened thee in the field of battle. When thou renders vanquished without fight the ten thousand opponents of the praying one, the adoring one."





This Prophecy of the Veda describes the well-known battle of Ahzab or the battle of the Allies during the time of Prophet Muhammed. The Prophet was victorious without an actual conflict which is mentioned in the Qur’an in Surah Ahzab:



"When the believers saw the confederate forces they said, "This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us and Allah and His

                         [Al-Qur'an 33:22]



The Sanskrit word karo in the Mantra means the ‘praying one’ which when translated into Arabic means ‘Ahmed’, the second name of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh).



The 10,000 opponents mentioned in the Mantra were the enemies of the Prophet and the Muslims were only 3000 in number.



The last words of the Mantra aprati ni bashayah means the defeat was given to the enemies without an actual fight.



 The enemies’ defeat in the conquest of Makkah is mentioned in Atharvaveda book 20 Hymn 21 verse no 9:



"You have O Indra, overthrown 20 kings and 60,099 men with an outstripping Chariot wheel who came to fight the praised one or far famed (Muhammad) orphan."





The population of Makkah at the time of Prophet’s advent was nearly 60,000



There were several clans in Makkah each having its own chief. Totally there were about 20 chiefs to rule the population of Makkah.



An Abandhu meaning a helpless man who was far-famed and ‘praised one’. Muhammad (pbuh) overcame his enemies with the help of God.





III. Muhammad (pbuh) prophesised in the Rigveda



A similar prophecy is also found in Rigveda Book I, Hymn 53 verse 9:



The Sanskrit word used is Sushrama, which means praiseworthy or well praised which in Arabic means Muhammad (pbuh).





IV. Muhummad (pbuh) is also prophesised in the Samveda
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is also prophesised in the Samveda Book II Hymn 6 verse 8:

"Ahmed acquired from his Lord the knowledge of eternal law. I received light from him just as from the sun." The Prophecy confirms:

 The name of the Prophet as Ahmed since Ahmed is an Arabic name. Many translators misunderstood it to be Ahm at hi and translated the mantra as "I alone have acquired the real wisdom of my father".

Prophet was given eternal law, i.e. the Shariah.

The Rishi was enlightened by the Shariah of Prophet Muhammad. The Qur’an says in Surah Saba chapter 34 verse 28



 "We have not sent thee but as a universal (Messenger) to men, giving them glad tidings and warning them (against sin), but most men understand not."

                             [Al-Qur'an 34:28]



 Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Hinduism - CONCEPT OF GOD IN HINDUISM



by ► Dr. Zakir Nair

1.  Common Concept of God in Hinduism: Hinduism is commonly perceived as a polytheistic religion. Indeed, most Hindus would attest to this, by professing belief in multiple Gods. While some Hindus believe in the existence of three gods, some believe in thousands of gods, and some others in thirty three crore i.e. 330 million Gods. However, learned Hindus, who are well versed in their scriptures, insist that a Hindu should believe in and worship only one God.



The major difference between the Hindu and the Muslim perception of God is the common Hindus’ belief in the philosophy of Pantheism. Pantheism considers everything, living and non-living, to be Divine and Sacred. The common Hindu, therefore, considers everything as God. He considers the trees as God, the sun as God, the moon as God, the monkey as God, the snake as God and even human beings as manifestations of God!



Islam, on the contrary, exhorts man to consider himself and his surroundings as examples of Divine Creation rather than as divinity itself. Muslims therefore believe that everything is God’s i.e. the word ‘God’ with an apostrophe ‘s’. In other words the Muslims believe that everything belongs to God. 

The trees belong to God, the sun belongs to God, the moon belongs to God, the monkey belongs to God, the snake belongs to God, the human beings belong to God and everything in this universe belongs to God.

Thus the major difference between the Hindu and the Muslim beliefs is the difference of the apostrophe ‘s’. The Hindu says everything is God. The Muslim says everything is God’s.

2. Concept of God according to Hindu Scriptures:



We can gain a better understanding of the concept of God in Hinduism by analysing Hindu scriptures.



BHAGAVAD GITA:



The most popular amongst all the Hindu scriptures is the Bhagavad Gita.

Consider the following verse from the Gita:



"Those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires surrender unto demigods and follow the particular rules and regulations of worship according to their own natures."

[Bhagavad Gita 7:20]



The Gita states that people who are materialistic worship demigods i.e. ‘gods’ besides the True God.



UPANISHADS:




The Upanishads are considered sacred scriptures by the Hindus.



The following verses from the Upanishads refer to the Concept of God:



1.  "Ekam evadvitiyam"

"He is One only without a second."

[Chandogya Upanishad 6:2:1]1

2.  "Na casya kascij janita na cadhipah."

"Of Him there are neither parents nor lord."

[Svetasvatara Upanishad 6:9]2
3.  "Na tasya pratima asti"

"There is no likeness of Him."

[Svetasvatara Upanishad 4:19]3
4.  The following verses from the Upanishad allude to the inability of man to imagine God in a particular form:



"Na samdrse tisthati rupam asya, na caksusa pasyati kas canainam."



"His form is not to be seen; no one sees Him with the eye."

[Svetasvatara Upanishad 4:20]4



1[The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan page 447 and 448]

[Sacred Books of the East, volume 1 ‘The Upanishads part I’ page 93]



2[The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan page 745]

[Sacred Books of the East, volume 15, ‘The Upanishads part II’ page 263.]



3[The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan page 736 & 737]

[Sacred Books of the East, volume 15, ‘The Upanishads part II’ page no 253]



4[The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan page 737]

[Sacred Books of the East, volume 15, ‘The Upanishads part II’ page no 253]



THE VEDAS

Vedas are considered the most sacred of all the Hindu scriptures. There are four principal Vedas: Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samveda and Atharvaveda.



1. Yajurveda

  The following verses from the Yajurveda echo a similar concept of God:



1. "na tasya pratima asti"

    "There is no image of Him."

    [Yajurveda 32:3]5
2. "shudhama poapvidham"

    "He is bodyless and pure."

    [Yajurveda 40:8]6
3. "Andhatama pravishanti ye asambhuti mupaste"

    "They enter darkness, those who worship the natural elements" (Air, Water, Fire, etc.). "They sink

    deeper in darkness, those who worship sambhuti."       

    [Yajurveda 40:9]7



4. Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.



   The Yajurveda contains the following prayer:

   "Lead us to the good path and remove the sin that makes us stray and wander."

   [Yajurveda 40:16]8



  5[Yajurveda by Devi Chand M.A. page 377]



  6[Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph T. H. Giffith page 538]



  7[Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph T. H. Giffith page 538]



  8[Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph T. H. Griffith page 541]

  

2. Atharvaveda



The Atharvaveda praises God in Book 20, hymn 58 and verse 3:

1. "Dev maha osi"

"God is verily great"

[Atharvaveda 20:58:3]9

  

3. Rigveda

1.  The oldest of all the vedas is Rigveda. It is also the one considered most sacred by the Hindus.

The Rigveda states in Book 1, hymn 164 and verse 46:  "Sages (learned Priests) call one God by many

names."

[Rigveda 1:164:46]
2. The Rigveda gives several different attributes to Almighty God. Many of these are mentioned in

Rigveda Book 2 hymn 1.



Among the various attributes of God, one of the beautiful attributes mentioned in the Rigveda Book II hymn 1 verse 3, is Brahma. Brahma means ‘The Creator’. Translated into Arabic it means Khaaliq. Muslims can have no objection if Almighty God is referred to as Khaaliq or ‘Creator’ or Brahma. However if it is said that Brahma is Almighty God who has four heads with each head having a crown, Muslims take strong exception to it.



Describing Almighty God in anthropomorphic terms also goes against the following verse of Yajurveda:



"Na tasya Pratima asti"

"There is no image of Him."

[Yajurveda 32:3]



Another beautiful attribute of God mentioned in the Rigveda Book II hymn 1 verse 3 is Vishnu. Vishnu means ‘The Sustainer’. Translated into Arabic it means Rabb. Again, Muslims can have no objection if Almighty God is referred to as Rabb or 'Sustainer' or Vishnu. But the popular image of



9[Atharveda Samhita vol 2 William Dwight Whitney page 910]



Vishnu among Hindus, is that of a God who has four arms, with one of the right arms holding the Chakra, i.e. a discus and one of the left arms holding a ‘conch shell’, or riding a bird or reclining on a snake couch. Muslims can never accept any image of God. As mentioned earlier this also goes against Svetasvatara Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 19.



"Na tasya pratima asti"

"There is no likeness of Him"



The following verse from the Rigveda Book 8, hymn 1, verse 1 refer to the Unity and Glory of the Supreme Being:
3.  "Ma cid anyad vi sansata sakhayo ma rishanyata"

"O friends, do not worship anybody but Him, the Divine One. Praise Him alone."

[Rigveda 8:1:1]10



4.  "Devasya samituk parishtutih"

"Verily, great is the glory of the Divine Creator."

[Rigveda 5:1:81]11



Brahma Sutra of Hinduism:



The Brahma Sutra of Hinduism is:



"Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan"



"There is only one God, not the second; not at all, not at all, not in the least bit."



Thus only a dispassionate study of the Hindu scriptures can help one understand the concept of God in Hinduism.



0[Rigveda Samhita vol. 9, pages 2810 and 2811 by Swami Satya Prakash Sarasvati and Satyakam Vidyalankar]



11[Rigveda Samhita vol. 6, pages 1802 and 1803 by Swami Satya Prakash Saraswati and Satyakam Vidyalankar]



as from the sun." The Prophecy confirms:



1. The name of the Prophet as Ahmed since Ahmed is an Arabic name. Many translators misunderstood it to be ‘Ahm at hi’ and translated the mantra as "I alone have acquired the real wisdom of my father".
2. Prophet was given eternal law, i.e. the Shariah.
3. The Rishi was enlightened by the Shariah of Prophet Muhammad. The Qur’an says in Surah Saba Chapter 34 verse 28 (34:28):
"We have not sent thee but as a universal (Messenger) to men, giving them glad tidings and warning them (against sin), but most men understand not."

 


Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Hinduism - INTRODUCTION



INTRODUCTION TO HINDUISM:



The most popular among the Aryan religions is Hinduism. ‘Hindu’ is actually a Persian word that stands for the inhabitants of the region beyond the Indus Valley. However, in common parlance, Hinduism is a blanket term for an assortment of religious beliefs, most of which are based on the Vedas, the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita.



II INTRODUCTION TO HINDU SCRIPTURES.

There are several sacred scriptures of the Hindus. Among these are the Vedas, Upanishads and the Puranas.



1.  VEDAS:



1. The word Veda is derived from vid which means to know, knowledge par excellence or sacred wisdom. There are four principal divisions of the Vedas


  (although according to their number, they amount to 1131 out of which about a dozen are available).

According to Maha Bhashya of Patanjali, there are 21 branches of Rigveda, 9 types of Atharvaveda, 101 branches of Yajurveda and 1000 of Samveda).



2. The Rigveda, the Yajurveda and the Samveda are considered to be more ancient books and are known as Trai Viddya or the ‘Triple Sciences’. The Rigveda is the oldest and has been compiled in three long and different periods of time. The 4th Veda is the Atharvaveda, which is of a later date.



3. There is no unanimous opinion regarding the date of compilation or revelation of the four Vedas. According to Swami Dayanand, founder of the Arya Samaj, the Vedas were revealed 1310 million years ago. According to other scholars, they are not more than 4000 years old.



4. Similarly, there are differing opinions regarding the places where these books were compiled and the Rishis to whom these Scriptures were given. Inspite of these differences, the Vedas are considered to be the most authentic of the Hindu Scriptures and the real foundations of the Hindu Dharma.

2.  UPANISHADS:

1.  The word 'Upanishad' is derived from Upa meaning near, Ni which means down and Shad means to sit. Therefore ‘Upanishad’ means sitting down near. Groups of pupils sit near the teacher to learn from him the secret doctrines.



According to Samkara, ‘Upanishad’ is derived from the root word Sad which means ‘to loosen’, ‘to reach’ or ‘to destroy’, with Upa and ni as prefix; therefore ‘Upanishad’ means Brahma-Knowledge by which ignorance is loosened or destroyed.



2.  The number of Upanishads exceeds 200 though the Indian tradition puts it at 108. There are 10 principal Upanishads. However, some consider them to be more than 10, while others 18.



3.  The Vedanta meant originally the Upanishads, though the word is now used for the system of philosophy based on the Upanishad. Literally, Vedanta means the end of the Veda, Vedasua-antah, and the conclusion as well as the goal of Vedas. The Upanishads are the concluding portion of the Vedas and chronologically they come at the end of the Vedic period.

 4.  Some Pundits consider the Upanishads to be more superior to the Vedas.

3.  PURANAS:



Next in order of authenticity are the Puranas which are the most widely read scriptures. It is believed that the Puranas contain the history of the creation of the universe, history of the early Aryan tribes, life stories of the divines and deities of the Hindus. It is also believed that the Puranas are revealed books like the Vedas, which were revealed simultaneously with the Vedas or sometime close to it.



Maharishi Vyasa has divided the Puranas into 18 voluminous parts. He also arranged the Vedas under various heads.



Chief among the Puranas is a book known as Bhavishya Purana. It is called so because it is believed to give an account of future events. The Hindus consider it to be the word of God. Maharishi yasa is considered to be just the compiler of the book.



4.  ITIHAAS:



The two epics of Hinduism are the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.



A. Ramayana:



According to Ramanuja, the great scholar of Ramayana, there are more than 300 different types of Ramayana: Tulsidas Ramayana, Kumbha Ramayana. Though the outline of Ramayana is same, the details and contents differ.



Valmiki’s Ramayana:



Unlike the Mahabharata, the Ramayana appears to be the work of one person – the sage Valmiki, who probably composed it in the 3rd century BC. Its best-known recension (by Tulsi Das, 1532-1623) consists of 24,000 rhymed couplets of 16-syllable lines organised into 7 books. The poem incorporates many ancient legends and draws on the sacred books of the Vedas. It describes the efforts of Kosala’s heir, Rama, to regain his throne and rescue his wife, Sita, from the demon King of Lanka.



Valmiki's Ramayana is a Hindu epic tradition whose earliest literary version is a Sanskrit poem attributed to the sage Valmiki. Its principal characters are said to present ideal models of personal, familial, and social behavior and hence are considered to exemplify Dharma, the principle of moral order.



B. Mahabharata:



The nucleus of the Mahabharata is the war of eighteen days fought between the Kauravas, the hundred sons of Dhritarashtra and Pandavas, the five sons of Pandu. The epic entails all the circumstances leading upto the war. Involved in this Kurukshetra battle were almost all the kings of India joining either of the two parties. The result of this war was the total annihilation of Kauravas and their party. Yudhishthira, the head of the Pandavas, became the sovereign monarch of Hastinapura. His victory is supposed to symbolise the victory of good over evil. But with the progress of years, new matters and episodes relating to the various aspects of human life, social, economic, political, moral and religious as also fragments of other heroic legends came to be added to the aforesaid nucleus and this phenomenon continued for centuries until it acquired the present shape. The Mahabharata represents a whole literature rather than one single and unified work, and contains many multifarious things.



C. Bhagavad Gita:



Bhagavad Gita is a part of Mahabharata. It is the advice given by Krishna to Arjun on the battlefield of Kurukshetra. It contains the essence of the Vedas and is the most popular of all the Hindu Scriptures. It contains 18 chapters.



The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most widely read and revered of the works sacred to the Hindus. It is their chief devotional book, and has been for centuries the principal source of religious inspiration for many thousands of Hindus.



The Gita is a dramatic poem, which forms a small part of the larger epic, the Mahabharata. It is included in the sixth book (Bhismaparvan) of the Mahabaharata and documents one tiny event in a huge epic tale.



The Bhagavad Gita tells a story of a moral crisis faced by Arjuna, which is solved through the interaction between Arjuna, a Pandava warrior hesitating before battle, and Krishna, his charioteer and teacher. The Bhagavad Gita relates a brief incident in the main story of a rivalry and eventually a war between two branches of a royal family. In that brief incident - a pause on the battlefield just as the battle is about to begin - Krishna, one chief on one side (also believed to be the Lord incarnate), is presented as responding to the doubts of Arjuna. The poem is the dialogue through which Arjuna’s doubts were resolved by Krishna’s teachings.



 Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Judaism - MOHAMMAD IN JEWISH SCRIPTURES (THE OLD TESTAMENT)

1) Muhammad (pbuh) prophesised in the book of Deuteronomy:



a) God Almighty speaks to Moses in Book of Deuteronomy chapter 18 verse 18:



"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."

b) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is like Moses (pbuh):



i) Both had a father and a mother.



ii) Both were married and had children.



iii) Both were accepted as Prophets by their people in their lifetime.



iv) Both besides being Prophets were also kings i.e. they could inflict capital punishment.







v) Both brought new laws and new regulations for their people.



vi) Both died a natural death.



c) Muhammad (pbuh) is from among the brethren of Moses (pbuh). Arabs are brethren of Jews. Abraham (pbuh) had two sons: Ishmail and Isaac. The Arabs are the descendants of Ishmail (pbuh) and the Jews are the descendants of Isaac (pbuh).



d) Words in the mouth:



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was unlettered and whatever revelations he received from God Almighty he repeated it verbatim.



Deuteronomy (18:18):



"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."



2) Muhammad (pbuh) is prophesised in the book of Isaiah:




It is mentioned in the book of Isaiah chapter 29 verse 12:



"And the book is delivered to him that is not learned saying, ‘Read this, I pray thee’; and he saith, ‘I am not learned’.



"When Archangel Gabriel commanded Muhammad (pbuh) by saying ‘Iqra’, he replied "I am not learned".



3) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Song of Solomon chapter 5 verse 16:



"Hikko Mamittakim we kullo Muhammadim Zehdoodeh wa Zehrace Bayna Jerusalem."



"His mouth is most sweet: ye, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughter of Jerusalem."



All the prophecies mentioned in the Old Testament regarding Muhammad (pbuh) besides applying to the Jews also hold good for the Christians (H Q. 61:6).
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Judaism - CONCEPT OF GOD IN JUDAISM

Judaism is one of the major Semitic religions. Its followers are known as Jews and they believe in the prophetic mission of Prophet Moses (pbuh).



(i) The following verse from Deuteronomy contains an exhortation from Moses: (pbuh)


"Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ikhad" It is a Hebrew quotation which means

"Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord"

[The Bible, Deut 6:4]



(ii) Consider the following verses from the Book of Isaiah:


"I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour."

[The Bible, Isaiah 43:11]



(iii) "I am lord, and there is none else There is no God besides me."


[The Bible, Isaiah 45 : 5]





(iv) "I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me." 


[The Bible, Isaiah 46:9]



(v) Judaism condemns idol worship in the following verses:

"Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor see them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God…"

[The Bible, Exodus 20:3-5]



(iv) A similar message is repeated in the book of Deutoronomy:


"Thou shalt have none other gods before me.Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that in the earth beneath, or that is in the water beneath the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God…"

[The Bible, Deut 5:7-9]



Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Judaism - INTRODUCTION



(I) INTRODUCTION TO JUDAISM:



Judaism is one of the important Semitic religions. Its followers are known as Jews and they believe in the prophetic mission of Prophet Moses (pbuh).



(II) CONCEPT OF GOD IN JUDAISM:



(i) The following verse from the book of Deuteronomy contains an exhortation from Moses (pbuh):



"Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ikhad"



It is a Hebrew quotation which means:



"Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord"

[The Bible, Deuteronomy 6:4]



The following verses are from the Book of Isaiah:



(ii) "I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour."

[The Bible, Isaiah 43:11]



(iii) "I am Lord, and there is none else There is no God besides me."

[The Bible, Isaiah 45 : 5]



(iv) "I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me."

[The Bible, Isaiah 46:9]



(v) Judaism condemns idol worship in the following verses:



"Thou shalt have no other gods before me."



"Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth."



"Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God."

[The Bible, Exodus 20:3-5]



(iv) A similar message is repeated in the book of Deuteronomy:



"Thou shalt have none other gods before me."



"Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that in the earth beneath, or that is in the water beneath the earth."



"Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God."

[The Bible, Deuteronomy 5:7-9]



In Judaism too, we find the same thread of monotheism, that is seen in other religions.



(III) MUHAMMAD IN JEWISH SCRIPTURES (THE OLD TESTAMENT):



1) Muhammad (pbuh) prophesised in the book of Deuteronomy:



a) God Almighty speaks to Moses in Book of Deuteronomy chapter 18 verse 18:



"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."



b) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is like Moses (pbuh):



i) Both had a father and a mother.



ii) Both were married and had children.



iii) Both were accepted as Prophets by their people in their lifetime.



iv) Both besides being Prophets were also kings i.e. they could inflict capital punishment.



v) Both brought new laws and new regulations for their people.



vi) Both died a natural death.



c) Muhammad (pbuh) is from among the brethren of Moses (pbuh). Arabs are brethren of Jews. Abraham (pbuh) had two sons:



Ishmail and Isaac. The Arabs are the descendants of Ishmail (pbuh) and the Jews are the descendants of Isaac (pbuh).



d) Words in the mouth:



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was unlettered and whatever revelations he received from God Almighty he repeated it verbatim.



Deuteronomy (18:18):



"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."



2) Muhammad (pbuh) is prophesised in the book of Isaiah:



It is mentioned in the book of Isaiah chapter 29 verse 12:



"And the book is delivered to him that is not learned saying, ‘Read this, I pray thee’; and he saith, ‘I am not learned’.



"When Archangel Gabriel commanded Muhammad (pbuh) by saying ‘Iqra’, he replied "I am not learned".



3) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Song of Solomon



chapter 5 verse 16:



"Hikko Mamittakim we kullo Muhammadim Zehdoodeh wa Zehrace Bayna Jerusalem."



"His mouth is most sweet: ye, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughter of Jerusalem."



All the prophecies mentioned in the Old Testament regarding Muhammad (pbuh) besides applying to the Jews also hold good for the Christians (H Q. 61:6)    



 Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Christianity - PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S.a.w.w) IN THE BIBLE



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in the Old Testament:


 The Qur’an mentions in Surah Al-Araf chapter 7 verse 157:



"Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures) in the law and the Gospel".



1. MUHAMMAD (PBUH) PROPHESISED IN THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY:

  

Almighty God speaks to Moses in Book of Deuteronomy chapter 18 verse 18:



"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth; and     he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."



The Christians say that this prophecy refers to Jesus (pbuh) because Jesus (pbuh) was like Moses (pbuh). Moses   (pbuh) was a Jew, as well as Jesus (pbuh) was a Jew. Moses (pbuh) was a Prophet and Jesus (pbuh) was also a Prophet.







If these two are the only criteria for this prophecy to be fulfilled, then all the Prophets of the Bible who came after

Moses (pbuh) such as Solomon, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Malachi, John the Baptist, etc. (pbut) will

fulfill this prophecy since all were Jews as well as prophets.



However, it is Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who is like Moses (pbuh):



i) Both had a father and a mother, while Jesus (pbuh) was born miraculously without any male intervention.



[Mathew 1:18 and Luke 1:35 and also Al-Qur'an 3:42-47]



ii) Both were married and had children. Jesus (pbuh) according to the Bible did not marry nor had children.



iii) Both died natural deaths. Jesus (pbuh) has been raised up alive. (4:157-158)



Muhammad (pbuh) is from among the brethren of Moses (pbuh). Arabs are brethren of Jews. Abraham (pbuh) had two sons: Ishmail and Isaac (pbut). The Arabs are the descendants of Ishmail (pbuh) and the Jews are the descendants of Isaac (pbuh).



Words in the mouth:



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was unlettered and whatever revelations he received from Almighty God he repeated them verbatim.



"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."



[Deuteronomy 18:18]



iv) Both besides being Prophets were also kings i.e. they could inflict capital punishment. Jesus (pbuh) said,     "My kingdom is not of this world." (John 18:36).



v) Both were accepted as Prophets by their people in their lifetime but Jesus (pbuh) was rejected by his

people. John chapter 1 verse 11 states, "He came unto his own, but his own received him not."



iv) Both brought new laws and new regulations for their people. Jesus (pbuh) according to the Bible did not bring   any new laws. (Mathew 5:17-18).



2. It is Mentioned in the book of Deuteronomy chapter 18:19

  

"And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not harken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will     require it of him."



3. Muhammad (pbuh) is prophesised in the book of Isaiah:



It is mentioned in the book of Isaiah chapter 29 verse 12:



"And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned."



When Archangel Gabrail commanded Muhammad (pbuh) by saying Iqra - "Read", he replied, "I am not learned".



  4. prophet Muhammad (pbuh) mentioned by name in the old testament:

  

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Song of Solomon chapter 5 verse 16:



"Hikko Mamittakim we kullo Muhammadim Zehdoodeh wa Zehraee Bayna Jerusalem."



"His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters

of Jerusalem."



In the Hebrew language im is added for respect. Similarely im is added after the name of Prophet Muhammad   

(pbuh) to make it Muhammadim. In English translation they have even translated the name of Prophet Muhammad     (pbuh) as "altogether lovely", but in the Old Testament in Hebrew, the name of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is yet      present.



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in the New Testament:




Al-Qur'an Chapter 61 Verse 6:



"And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said, 'O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed.' But when he came to them with clear signs, they said, 'This is evident sorcery!' "



All the prophecies mentioned in the Old Testament regarding Muhammad (pbuh) besides applying to the Jews also hold good for the Christians.



1. John chapter 14 verse 16:

    "And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever."



2. Gospel of John chapter 15 verse 26:

  

"But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which

proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me."



3. Gospel of John chapter 16 verse 7:

  

"Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not

come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you".



"Ahmed" or "Muhammad" meaning "the one who praises" or "the praised one" is almost the translation of the

Greek word Periclytos. In the Gospel of John 14:16, 15:26, and 16:7. The word 'Comforter' is used in the English      translation for the Greek word Paracletos which means advocate or a kind friend rather than a comforter.

Paracletos is the warped reading for Periclytos. Jesus (pbuh) actually prophesised Ahmed by name. Even the

Greek word Paraclete refers to the Prophet (pbuh) who is a mercy for all creatures.



Some Christians say that the Comforter mentioned in these prophecies refers to the Holy Sprit. They fail to realise

that the prophecy clearly says that only if Jesus (pbuh) departs will the Comforter come. The Bible states that the

Holy Spirit was already present on earth before and during the time of Jesus (pbuh), in the womb of Elizabeth, and    again when Jesus (pbuh) was being baptised, etc. Hence this prophecy refers to none other than Prophet  

Muhammad (pbuh).



4. Gospel of John chapter 16 verse 12-14:

  

"I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth is

come, he will guide you unto all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he     speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me".



The Sprit of Truth, spoken about in this prophecy referes to none other than Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)



NOTE: All quotations of the Bible are taken from the King James Version.



 Ref : www.irf.net
Continue Reading | comments

Comparative Religion - Christianity - SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY




Al-Qur'an 3:64

Al-Qur'an 20:25-28

Greet you in the same manner as Jesus (pbuh) greeted in Hebrew Luke 24:36

‘Sholam alay kum’

or Islamic greeting in Arabic Assalaamu alai kum

both meaning ‘Peace be on you’.


INTRODUCTION
Similarities / Similar Teachings in the Qur’an and the Bible which Muslims follow but Christians don't
I) ISLAM

1. Definition
A. Meaning of Islam

(i)
Islam is derived from the word salaam meaning peace.

(ii) Submission to the Will of Allah (swt) i.e. God Almighty.


B. Meaning of ‘Muslim’ – One who submits his will to Allah.

C.  Islam is not a new religion found by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
2.  Messengers in Islam
A. (i) To every nation was sent a Guide or a Messenger

Al-Qur'an 35:24

Al-Qur'an 13:7
(ii) 25 Prophets mentioned by name in the Qur'an

(iii) Islam is the only non-Christian faith that believes in Jesus (pbuh)


(iv)
Stories only of some prophets mentioned in Qur'an

Al-Qur'an 4:164

Al-Qur'an 40:78
(v) More than 1,24,000 Messengers according to Hadith

B. (i) Previous Messengers were only sent for their people and nation and their complete message was meant only for a particular time period.

(ii) Moses (pbuh) was only sent for the Jews.


(iii) Jesus (pbuh) sent only for the Jews i.e. lost sheep of Israel.

Al-Qur'an 3:49

Mathew 10:5-6

Mathew 15:24

(iv)
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the Last and Final Messenger for the

Whole of Mankind.

Al-Qur'an 33:40

Al-Qur'an 21:107

Al-Qur'an 34:28

Sahih Bukhari Vol.1 Book of Salaah Chapter 56 Hadith No. 429

(v)
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) prophesised in the Bible.

Al-Qur'an 7:157

Al-Qur'an 61:6

Deuteronomy 18:18

Isaiah 29:12

Song of Solomon 5:16

John 16:7

John 16:12-14

3.  Revelations of God

A. Several Revelations sent by Allah – Al-Qur'an 13:38.

By name only four are mentioned in the Qur’an.



B.
(i) The Qur’an is the Last and Final Revelation.

(ii) All previous Revelations before Qur'an were only sent for a particular group of people and for a particular time period


(iii) The Qur’an was Revealed for the Whole of Mankind

Al-Qur'an 14:1

Al-Qur'an 14:52

Al-Qur'an 2:185

Al-Qur'an 39:41

II) PILLARS OF ISLAM:

1. Tauheed: Monotheism
A. La ilaha ilallahu, Muhammad-ur-Rasoolullah

Sahih Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith No. 7



B.
 Believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels and the Book and the Messengers.

Al-Qur'an 2:177



C.
Come to common terms — Worship of one God

Al-Qur'an 3:64
D. Concept of God

Al-Qur'an 112:1-4

Deuteronomy 6:4

Mark 12:29
E. Shirk – Biggest Sin

Al-Qur'an 4:48

Al-Qur'an 4:116

Exodus 20:2-5

Deuteronomy 5:7-9
F. Jesus (pbuh) not God. He never claimed Divinity

Al-Qur'an 5:72

John 14:28

John 10:29

Mathew 12:28

Luke 11:20

John 5:30

Acts 2:21
G. 99 Attributes of Almighty God

Al-Qur'an 17:110
H.  Prefer using name ‘Allah’ rather than the word ‘God’ as the word ‘God’ can be played around with. Allah in the Bible – Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani

Mark 15:34

Mathew 27:46

2. Salaah
A. Not merely Prayers but Programming

Al-Qur'an 5:90

Al-Qur'an 2:188
B. Prayers restrain you from shameful and unjust deeds
Al-Qur'an 29:45
C. Salaah timings – for healthy soul five times a day

Al-Qur'an 17:78

Al-Qur'an 20:130
D. Take off shoes before entering mosque.

(i)
Commandment of Allah to Moses

Al-Qur'an 20:11-12

Exodus 3:5

Acts 7:33
(ii) Can Pray with Shoes.

Sunan Abu Dawood – Vol. 1, Book of Salaah, Chapter 240,

Hadith No. 652-653.
(iii) Hygienic

E. Ablution


(i)
 Al-Qur'an 5:6

Exodus 40:31-32

Acts 21:26
(ii) Hygienic

(iii) Mental Preparation


F. Stand shoulder to shoulder, while praying –

Sahih Bukhari – Vol. 1, Book of Adhan Chapter 75 Hadith no. 692

Abu Dawood – Vol. 1, Book of Salaah Chapter 245 Hadith No. 666.
G. Sujud – Prostration

(i)
To humble your mind, humble your body

(ii) Sujud mentioned 92 times in the Qur’an

Al-Qur'an 3:43

Al-Qur'an 22:77
(iii) Prostration in the Bible

Genesis 17:3; Numbers 20:6

Joshua 5:14; Mathew 26:39


3. Zakaah
A. Meaning: Purification and Growth

B.
Description: 2.5% of saving every lunar year in charity

Al-Qur'an 9:60
C. If every human being gives Zakaah, not a single person will die of hunger.

D.
 "Wealth does not circulate only amongst the wealthy and the rich"

Al-Qur'an 59:7
E. I Peter 4:8



4. Saum - Fasting
A. Description – one lunar month i.e. during the month of Ramadaan every lunar year, Muslims fast, i.e. abstain from food and drinks from sunrise till sunset.

B.
Benefits: learn self restraint. If you can control your hunger you can control almost all your desires. It enhances spiritual awareness.

Al-Qur'an 2:183
C. Medical Benefits:

(a) Increases absorption capacity of intestines

(b) Lowers cholestrol.


D. Discourages smoking, alcoholism and other addictions.

E. Bible prescribes Fasting

Mathew 17:21

Mark 9:29

5. Hajj
A. Description – Pilgrimage atleast once in life time if you can afford it

B.
Universal Brotherhood – 2.5 million people from all over the world gather, wear two pieces of unsewn cloth, preferably white. Cannot differentiate between rich and poor.

Al-Qur'an 49:13
C. Significance of Kaaba – Muslims don’t worship it

Psalms 84:4-7

III ) ISLAM IS A COMPLETE WAY OF LIFE
These five pillars do not constitute complete Islam. Only if the pillars are strong, will the structure be strong.

1. Humans Created to Worship Allah
A.  Jinn and Man created for worship of Allah

Al-Qur'an 51:56


B.  Meaning of Ibadaah – root word Abd meaning ‘slave’.


2.  Obeying Commandments of Allah is Submitting your will to Allah


A.  Abstaining from alcohol

Al-Qur'an 5:90

Proverbs 20:1

Ephesians 5:18
B.  Abstaining from prohibited food

Al-Qur'an 5:5

Al-Qur'an 2:173, 5:3, 6:145, 16:115
(i) Dead meat

Leviticus 17:15

Deuteronomy 14:21
(ii) Blood

Genesis 9:4, Leviticus 17:14, Deuteronomy 12:16,

I Samuel 14:33, Acts 15:29
(iii) Pork is prohibited

Leviticus 11:7-8

Deuteronomy 14:8

Isaiah 65:2-5
(vi) Food on which names beside Allah have been invoked

Acts 15:29; Revelation 2:14
C. (i) Being Honest in your Business

(ii) Helping Neighbours

Al-Qur'an 107:1-7


(iii) Abstaining from Backbiting

Al-Qur'an 104:1-3

Al-Qur'an 49:11-12
(iv) Obeying and Respecting Parents

Al-Qur'an 17:23, 24
(v)  Celibacy or Monasticism is prohibited in Islam

Sahih Bukhari: Vol. 7 Book of Nikah, Chapter No. 3, Hadith No. 4
(vi) Loving, being Kind and Just to your Wife

Al-Qur'an 4:19
(vii) Abstaining from Adultery

Al-Qur'an 17:32
D.  Dressing Modestly

(i)
Al-Qur'an 24:30

Mathew 5:27-28
(ii) Al-Qur'an 24:31

(iii) Six Criteria for Hijab in Islam

Deuteronomy 22:5

I Timothy 2:9 e.g. of Mary

I Corinthians 11:5-6
E. Circumcision

Acts 7:8

John 7:22

Luke 2:21


F.  In short, every Muslim should follow all the Commandments of Allah (swt) and His Messenger Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and abstain from the things they have prohibited.

CONCLUSION

(a) If Christian is a person who follows the teachings of Christ (pbuh) and not one who worships Christ (pbuh). (We are more Christian than the Christians themselves).

(b)
 Muslim is a person who submits his will to Allah.

Jesus (pbuh) said, "not my will but thy will be done." i.e. Muslim.

John 5:30


(c)  Al-Qur'an 5:82
Continue Reading | comments

Popular Posts

f
 
| | | | |
Copyright © 2013. Adeel Mushtaq's Blog - All Rights Reserved

Owned by M. Adeel