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Comparative Religion - Sikhism - CONCEPT OF GOD IN SIKHISM



MULMANTRA: THE FUNDAMENTAL CREED OF SIKHISM



The best definition that any Sikh can give regarding the concept of God in Sikhism is to quote the Mulmantra – the fundamental creed of Sikhism, which occurs at the beginning of Sri Guru Granth Sahib.



It is mentioned in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, volume 1 Japuji, the first verse:



"There exists but one God, who is called The True, The Creator, Free from fear and hate, Immortal, Not begotten, Self-Existent, Great and Compassionate."



Sikhism is a monotheistic Religion



Sikhism enjoins its followers to practise strict monotheism. It believes in only One Supreme God who is, in the unmanifest form, called Ek Omkara.





In the manifest form He is called Omkara and has several attributes such as:
 

Kartar – The Creator

Akal – The Eternal

Sattanama – The Holy Name

Sahib – The Lord

Parvardigar – The Cherisher

Rahim – The Merciful

Karim – The Benevolent



He is also called Wahe Guru – the One true God.



Besides Sikhism being strictly monotheistic, it also does not believe in Avataravada – the doctrine of incarnation. Almighty God does not incarnate Himself in what is known as Avatara. Sikhism is also strongly against idol worship.



Guru Nanak was influenced by Sant Kabir



Guru Nanak was influenced by the sayings of Sant Kabir so much that several chapters of Sri Guru Granth Sahib contain couplets of Sant Kabir.



One of the famous couplets of Sant Kabir is:



"Dukh mein sumirana sabh karein

Sukh mein karein na koya

Jo sukh mein sumirana karein

To dukh kaye hoye?"



"In times of trouble, God is remembered by all

But none remembers Him during peace and happiness.

If God is remembered in good times of happiness

Why should trouble occur?"



Compare this with the following verse of the Qur’an:



"When some trouble toucheth man,

He crieth unto his Lord,

Turning to Him in repentance:

But when He bestoweth

A favour upon him

As from Himself,

(Man) doth forget what he cried

And prayed for before,

And he doth set up

Rivals unto Allah."

[Al-Qur’an 39:8]



The Sikh scriptures therefore emphasise monotheism and God-consciousness.



Ref : www.irf.net
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